The national family planning program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act, was established in 1970. For more than 40 years, Title X family planning centers have provided high quality and cost-effective family planning and related preventive health services for low-income women and men. Family planning centers play a critical role in ensuring access to voluntary family planning information and services for their clients based on their ability to pay.

Family planning centers offer a broad range of FDA-approved contraceptive methods and related counseling; as well as breast and cervical cancer screening; pregnancy testing and counseling; screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs); HIV testing; and other patient education and referrals. Wyoming Family Planning clinics do not pay for or perform abortions as public funds may not be used to provide abortion services.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Population Affairs (OPA) oversees the Title X program.